New Species of Seadragon Found!

The Ruby Seadragon (Phyllopteryx dewysea). Image credit: Western Australian Museum.

A Ruby Seadragon specimen. (Image Credit: Western Australian Museum/Sci-news.com)

By Kristen E. Strubberg Editor-in-Chief

Introducing Phyllopteryx dewysea, also known as the Ruby Seadragon, the first seadragon species found in over a century and only the third identified in the world. The original specimen was found off the coast of Recherche Archipelago in 2007 with three other specimens discovered in museum collections, misidentified like the original as Weedy Seadragons. Sporting brilliant red coloration – hence the common name – the new species possesses several skeletal and genetic differences that distinguish it from the Weedy Seadragon and the Leafy Seadragon.

Seadragon phylogeny and distribution. The two other species are shown with the Leafy Seadragon shown topmost and the Common Seadragon in the middle. (Image Credit: Original Paper)

Although a living Ruby Seadragon has yet to be observed, researchers believe they will find them…just at slightly deeper depths than its cousins.  This speculation rises from the red coloration which in daylight is hard to miss but at lower aquatic depths becomes difficult to distinguish.  In fact, the bright color serves as camouflage, a tactic observed in many other deep-sea dwellers.

Read more about the newest addition to the seadragon family at Sci-News and in the original paper published by Royal Society Open Science (they even have videos showing a 3D model they created of the Ruby Seadragon)

Receive more Good News Review by following us on Twitter @tgnreview!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s